What Is The Organ?

What defines an organ?

Organ, in biology, a group of tissues in a living organism that have been adapted to perform a specific function.

In higher animals, organs are grouped into organ systems; e.g., the esophagus, stomach, and liver are organs of the digestive system..

What is the smallest organ in the body?

What’s the smallest organ in the human body? You’ll find the pineal gland near the center of the brain, in a groove between the hemispheres. It’s not an organ like those in the abdominal cavity.

Is the tongue an organ?

The tongue is a muscular organ in the mouth. The tongue is covered with moist, pink tissue called mucosa. Tiny bumps called papillae give the tongue its rough texture. Thousands of taste buds cover the surfaces of the papillae.

What are the 9 organs?

Some of the easily recognisable internal organs and their associated functions are:The brain. The brain is the control centre of the nervous system and is located within the skull. … The lungs. … The liver. … The bladder. … The kidneys. … The heart. … The stomach. … The intestines.

Is brain an organ?

The brain is arguably the most important organ in the human body. It controls and coordinates actions and reactions, allows us to think and feel, and enables us to have memories and feelings—all the things that make us human.

What are the 12 organs of the body?

They are the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems. Only the reproductive system varies significantly between males and females.

Is blood an organ?

Blood is both a tissue and a fluid. It is a tissue because it is a collection of similar specialized cells that serve particular functions. These cells are suspended in a liquid matrix (plasma), which makes the blood a fluid.

What is the hardest working organ in your body?

HeartHeart. Every cell in the body depends on this muscle, the body’s hardest-working organ.

What is the largest organ in the human body?

Body organs aren’t all internal like the brain or the heart. There’s one we wear on the outside. Skin is our largest organ—adults carry some 8 pounds (3.6 kilograms) and 22 square feet (2 square meters) of it.

What are humans made of?

Almost 99% of the mass of the human body is made up of six elements: oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorus. Only about 0.85% is composed of another five elements: potassium, sulfur, sodium, chlorine, and magnesium. All 11 are necessary for life.

What is called blood?

FMA. 9670. Anatomical terminology. Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blood cells suspended in blood plasma.

How many organs are in the human body?

Altogether there are seventy-eight main organs within the human body. These organs work in coordination to give rise to several organ systems. Among these 78 organs, five organs are considered as vital for survival. These include the heart, brain, kidneys, liver and lungs.

What is the most useless body part?

appendixThe appendix may be the most commonly known useless organ. While plant-eating vertebrates still rely on their appendix to help process plants, the organ is not part of the human digestive system.

Is hair an organ?

Hair is an accessory organ of the skin made of columns of tightly packed dead keratinocytes found in most regions of the body. … The hair shaft consists of the part of the hair that is found outside of the skin. The hair shaft and root are made of 3 distinct layers of cells: the cuticle, cortex, and medulla.

How are organs formed?

In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and complete organs. A tissue is an ensemble of similar cells and their extracellular matrix from the same origin that together carry out a specific function. Organs are then formed by the functional grouping together of multiple tissues.

Are teeth organs?

Teeth are specialized organs that function to nourish and sustain life.

What is the weakest bone in your body?

The weakest bone in the human body is the spine or spinal cord, or sometimes it can be the nose as well. The weakest bone is the ethmoid bone in the nasal region as it is paper thin. The stapes in the middle ear is very delicate too and the body’s smallest bone.

Whats the smallest thing in the world?

quarksProtons and neutrons can be further broken down: they’re both made up of things called “quarks.” As far as we can tell, quarks can’t be broken down into smaller components, making them the smallest things we know of.